# Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Maths Chapter 3 Playing with Numbers Ex 3.1.

 Board CBSE Textbook NCERT Class Class 6 Subject Maths Chapter Chapter 3 Chapter Name Playing with Numbers Exercise Ex 3.1 Number of Questions Solved 55 Category NCERT Solutions

## NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Maths Chapter 3 Playing with Numbers Ex 3.1

Ex 3.1 Class 6 Maths Question 1.
Write all the factors of the following numbers :
(a) 24
(b) 15
(c) 21
(d) 27
(e) 12
(f) 20
(g) 18
(h) 23
(i) 36
Solution:
(a) We have,
24 = 1 x 24
24 = 2 x 12
24 = 3 x 8
24 = 4 x 6
24 = 6 x 4
Stop here, because 4 and 6 have occurred earlier.
Thus, all the factors of 24 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12 and 24.

(b) We have,
15 = 1 x 15
15 = 3 x 5
15 = 5 x 3
Stop here, because 3 and 5 have occurred earlier.
Thus, all the factors of 15 are 1, 3, 5 and 15.

(c) We have,
21 = 1 x 21
21 = 3 x 7
21 = 7 x 3
Stop here, because 3 and 7 have occurred earlier.
Thus, all the factors of 21 are 1, 3, 7 and 21.

(d) We have,
27 = 1 x 27
27 = 3 x 9
27 = 9 x 3
Stop here, because 3 and 9 have occurred earlier.
Thus, all the factors of 27 are 1, 3, 9 and 27.

(e) We have,
12 = 1 x 12
12 = 2 x 6
12 = 3 x 4
12 = 4 x 3
Stop here, because 3 and 4 have occurred earlier.
Thus, all the factors of 12 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 12.

(f) We have,
20 = 1 x 20
20 = 2 x10
20 = 4 x 5
20 = 5 x 4
Stop here, because 4 and 5 have occurred earlier.
Thus, all the factors of 20 are 1, 2, 4, 5, 10 and 20.

(g) We have,
18 = 1 x 18
18 = 2 x 9
18 = 3 x 6
18 = 6 x 3
Stop here, because 3 and 6 have occurred earlier.
Thus, all the factors of 18 are 1, 2, 3, 6, 9 and 18.

(h) We have,
23 = 1 x 23
23 = 23 x 1
Stop here, because 1 and 23 have occurred earlier.
Thus, all the factors of 23 are 1 and 23.

(i) We have,
36 = 1 x 36
36 = 2 x 18
36 = 3 x 12
36 = 4 x 9
36 = 1 x 6
Stop here, because both the factors (6) are same.
Thus, all the factors of 36 are 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18 and 36.

Ex 3.1 Class 6 Maths Question 2.
Write first five multiples of:
(a) 5
(b) 8
(c) 9
Solution:
(a) In order to obtain first five multiples of 5, we multiply it by 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 respectively. ,r
We have,
5 x 1 = 5
5 x 2 = 10
5 x 3 = 15
5 x 4=20
5 x 5 = 25
Hence, the first five multiples of 5 are 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 respectively.

(b) In order to obtain first five multiples of 8, we multiply it by 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 respectively.
We have,
8 x 1=8
8 x 2=16
8 x 3=24
8 x 4 = 32
8 x 5 = 40
Hence, the first five multiples of 8 are 8, 16, 24, 32 and 40 respectively,

(c) In order to obtain first five multiples of 9, we multiply it by 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 respectively.
We have,
9 x 1 = 9
9 x 2 = 18
9 x 3 = 27
9 x 4 = 36
9 x 5 = 45
Hence, the first five multiples of 9 are 9, 18, 27, 36 and 45 respectively.

Ex 3.1 Class 6 Maths Question 3.
Match the items in column 1 with the items in column 2. Solution:
Matching is as under :
(i) → (c) ∵ 35 x 2 = 70
(ii) →(d) ∵ 30 = 15 = 2
(iii) → (a) ∵ 8 x 2 = 16
(iv)→ (f) ∵ 20 = 20 = 1
(v) → (e) ∵ 50 = 25 = 2

Ex 3.1 Class 6 Maths Question 4.
Find all the multiples of 9 upto 100.
Solution:
All the multiples of 9 upto 100 are
9 x 1, 9 x 2, 9 x 3, 9 x 4, 9 x 5, 9 x 6, 9 x 7, 9 x 8, 9 x 9, 9 x 10 and 9 x 11.
i. e., 9, 18, 27, 36, 45, 54, 63, 72, 81, 90 and 99.

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